"ਅਜ਼ਾਨ" ਦੇ ਰੀਵਿਜ਼ਨਾਂ ਵਿਚ ਫ਼ਰਕ

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'''ਅਜ਼ਾਨ''' ({{lang-ar|أَذَان}} {{IPA-ar|ʔæˈðæːn|}}) [[ਇਸਲਾਮ]] ਵਿੱਚ ਅਰਦਾਸ ਲਈ ਪੁਕਾਰ ਨੂੰ ਕਹਿੰਦੇ ਹਨ। ਦਿਨ ਵਿੱਚ ਪੰਜ ਵਾਰ ਕਰਤੱਵ [[ਨਮਾਜ਼|ਨਮਾਜ਼ਾਂ]] ਲਈ ਮੋਜਨ ਇਹ ਫ਼ਰਜ਼ ਅੰਜਾਮ ਦਿੰਦਾ ਹੈ। ਨਮਾਜ਼ ਤੋਂ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ ਕਤਾਰ ਬਣਾਉਣ ਲਈ ਦਿੱਤੀ ਜਾਣੀ ਵਾਲੀ ਅਜ਼ਾਨ ਇਕਾਮਤ ਕਹਲਾਤੀ ਹੈ।
 
== ਪਾਠ ==
=== ਸੁੰਨੀ ===
{|class="wikitable"
! Recital
! ਅਰਬੀ
! Transliteration
! Translation
|-
| 4x
|lang="ar" dir="rtl"| الله أكبر
| [[Takbir|Allahu Akbar]]
| [[God in Islam|God]]{{ref|3|3}} is greatest
|-
| 2x
|lang="ar" dir="rtl"| أشهد أن لا اله إلا الله
|[[Shahada|Ash-hadu an-la ilaha illa llah]]
| I bear witness that there is no deity except God.
|-
| 2x
|lang="ar" dir="rtl"| أشهد أن محمدا رسول الله
| Ash-hadu anna Muħammadan-Rasulullah
| I bear witness that Muhammad is [[rasul|the Messenger of God]].
|-
| 2x
|lang="ar" dir="rtl"| حي على الصلاة
| Hayya 'ala s-salah
| Come to prayer ('[[salat]]').
|-
| 2x
|lang="ar" dir="rtl"| حي على الفلاح
| Hayya 'ala 'l-[[falah]]
| Come to success.
|-
| 2x
|lang="ar" dir="rtl"| الله أكبر
| Allāhu akbar
| God is greatest.
|-
| 1x
|lang="ar" dir="rtl"| لا إله إلا الله
| La ilaha illa-Allah
| There is no deity except God.
|}
 
<small>
*{{note|1|1}}Followers of the [[Maliki]] [[madh'hab]] say this line twice and repeat the following two lines before line four, as noted in Sahih Muslim, Book 4, Ch. 2, No. 0740.
*{{note|2|2}}The line "Prayer is better than sleep" is used only for the first prayers of the day at dawn ''([[fajr]] prayer; Salat al-fajr).''
*{{note|3|3}} [[Allah]] is a compound word of the definite article ''al'' and the Arabic word for "deity", ''ilah'', meaning "The God".
</small>
 
===Shi'a<ref name="Quran 1">[[Quran]] [http://al-quran.info/?x=y#&&sura=32&aya=21&trans=en-ali_quli&show=both,quran-uthmani&ver=2.00 : Surah Sajda: Ayah 24-25]</ref><ref name="Sahih Bukhari" /><ref name="Sahih Muslim" /><ref name="Sunan Abu Dawood" /><ref name="Sunan al-Tirmidhi" /> ===
{|class="wikitable"
! Recital
! Arabic
! Transliteration
! Translation<ref>Adapted from: [http://www.al-shia.org/html/eng/books/fiqh&usool/islamic-laws/102.html Adhan and Iqamah]</ref>
|-
| 4x
|lang="ar" dir="rtl"| الله اكبر
| Allahu Akbar
| God is greatest.
|-
| 2x
|lang="ar" dir="rtl"| اشهد ان لا اله الا الله
| Ash-had an-la [[Ilah|ilāha]] illa llah
| I testify that there is no deity except God.
|-
| 2x
|lang="ar" dir="rtl"| اشهد ان محمدا رسول الله
| Ash-hadu anna Muhammadar-rasūlu llāh
| I testify that Muhammad is the Messenger of God.
|-
| 2x{{ref|1|1}}
|lang="ar" dir="rtl"| اشهد ان عليا ولي الله
| Ash-hadu anna Aliyan wali-ul-lah
| I testify that Ali is the ''[[wali]]'' (vicegerent) of God.
|-
| 2x
|lang="ar" dir="rtl"| حي على الصلاة
| Hayya 'alas-salāh
| Come to ''salat''.
|-
| 2x
|lang="ar" dir="rtl"| حي على الفلاح
| Hayya 'alal-falāh
| Come to success.
|-
| 2x
|lang="ar" dir="rtl"| حي على خير العمل
| Hayya 'ala khayr al amal
| The time for the best of deeds has come!
|-
| 2x
|lang="ar" dir="rtl"| الله اكبر
| Allah-u Akbar
| God is greatest.
|-
| 2x
|lang="ar" dir="rtl"| لا اله الا الله
| Lā ilāha illallāh
| There is no deity except for God.
|}
 
<small>*{{note|1|1}}According to [[Usuli]] Twelver [[Shia Islam|Shi'a]] scholars, ''Ashhadu ana Alian waliullah'' ("I testify that [[Ali]] is the vicegerent of God") '''is not a part of adhan and iqamah''' but some say it is recommended (''[[Mustahabb]]'') to say that twice after third part of the adhan which is ''Ash-hadu anna Muhammadan-rasūl ullāh''.
Whereas [[Akhbari]] Shia Twelver consider ''Ashhadu ana Alian waliullah'' ("I testify that [[Ali]] is the vicegerent of God") '''as an integral part of adhan and iqamah''' without same both are incomplete.<ref>http://www.akhbari.org</ref>
 
[[Fatimid Caliphate|Fatimid]]/[[Ismailism|Ismaili]]/[[Dawoodi Bohra]] believe and include and recite this at same place, twice in main adhan, but not in Iqama.
 
Fatimid/Ismaili/Dawoodi Bohra also recite ''mohammadun -va- ali-un khayr-ul- basar va itarat-o- homa khayr-ul-itar'' (Muhammad and Ali are the best gentleman and their progeny is the best of progeny) twice after 6th part ''Hayya 'ala-khayril-amal''. At the end of Azaan, they recite ''Lā ilāha illallāh'' twice (but once in Iqama). This tradition is continued from their first [[Da'i al-Mutlaq]], [[Zoeb bin Moosa]] (1132 CE), after their 21st [[Imam]], [[At-Tayyib Abi l-Qasim]], and claim this is true Fatimid tradition.<ref>
[http://sistani.org/local.php?modules=nav&nid=2&bid=59&pid=2947 Islamic Laws : Rules of Namaz » Adhan and Iqamah]</ref><ref>[http://www.khamenei.de/fatwas/practical03.htm Importance and Conditions of Prayers - Question #466]</ref><ref>[http://www.duas.org/calltoprayer.htm Ad'han- Call to Prayer #928]</ref></small>
 
===Zaidiyyah===
{|class="wikitable"
! Recital
! Arabic
! Transliteration
! Translation
|-
| 4x
|lang="ar" dir="rtl"| الله أكبر
| [[Takbir|Allahu Akbar]]
| God is greatest.
|-
| 2x
|lang="ar" dir="rtl"| أشهد أن لا اله إلا الله
|[[Shahada|Ash-hadu an-la ilaha illa llah]]
| I bear witness that there is no deity except God.
|-
| 2x
|lang="ar" dir="rtl"| أشهد أن محمدا رسول الله
| Ash-hadu anna Muħammadan-Rasulullah
| I bear witness that Muhammad is [[rasul|the Messenger of God]].
|-
| 2x
|lang="ar" dir="rtl"| حي على الصلاة
| Hayya 'ala s-salah
| Come to prayer ('[[salat]]').
|-
| 2x
|lang="ar" dir="rtl"| حي على الفلاح
| Hayya 'ala 'l-[[falah]]
| Come to success.
|-
| 2x
|lang="ar" dir="rtl"| حي على خير العمل
| Hayya 'ala khayr al amal
| The time for the best of deeds has come!
|-
| 2x
|lang="ar" dir="rtl"| الله أكبر
| Allāhu akbar
| God is greatest.
|-
| 1x
|lang="ar" dir="rtl"| لا إله إلا الله
| La ilaha illa-Allah
| There is no deity except God.
|}
 
 
[[ਸ਼੍ਰੇਣੀ:ਇਸਲਾਮ]]
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