"ਆਉਸ਼ਵਿਤਸ ਤਸੀਹਾ ਕੈਂਪ" ਦੇ ਰੀਵਿਜ਼ਨਾਂ ਵਿਚ ਫ਼ਰਕ

ਕੋਈ ਸੋਧ ਸਾਰ ਨਹੀਂ
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{{Infobox concentration camp
 
| name = ਆਉਸ਼ਵਿਤਸ ਨਾਜੀ ਕੰਸਨਟਰੇਸ਼ਨ ਕੈਂਪ
| image = Birkenau gate.JPG
| image size =
| type = German Nazi [[Concentration camp|concentration]] and [[extermination camp]] (1940–1945)
| caption = The main entrance to Auschwitz-Birkenau [[extermination camp]]
| alt =
| location map = Poland
| map alt =
| map caption = Location of Auschwitz in contemporary Poland
| latd = 50| latm = 02| lats = 09| latNS = N
| longd= 19| longm= 10| longs= 42| longEW= E
| coordinates type = region:PL-MA_type:landmark
| coordinates display = inline,title
| other names = Birkenau
| known for =
| location = [[Oświęcim|Auschwitz]], [[Nazi Germany]]
| built by =
| operated by = the Nazi ''[[Schutzstaffel]]'' (SS), the [[Soviet Union|Soviet]] [[NKVD]] (after World War II)
| commandant = {{plainlist |
* [[Rudolf Höss|Rudolf Höß]] (4 May 1940 – Nov. 1943; 8 May 1944 – Jan. 1945)
* [[Arthur Liebehenschel]] (Dec. 1943 – 8 May 1944)
}}
| original use = Army barracks
| construction =
| in operation = May 1940 – January 1945
| gas chambers =
| prisoner type= mainly Jews, Poles, [[Romani people|Romani]], Soviet soldiers
| inmates =
| killed = 1.1 million (estimated)
| liberated by = Soviet Union, January 27, 1945
| notable inmates = [[Anne Frank]], [[Otto Frank]], [[Viktor Frankl]], [[Maximilian Kolbe]], [[Primo Levi]], [[Witold Pilecki]], [[Edith Stein]], [[Simone Veil]], [[Rudolf Vrba]], [[Elie Wiesel]]
| notable books= ''[[If This Is a Man]]'', ''[[Night (book)|Night]]'', ''[[Man's Search for Meaning]]''
| website = [http://www.auschwitz.org/ Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum]
| box width =
| color =
| embedded =
{{designation list | embed=yes
| designation1 = WHS
| designation1_offname = Auschwitz Birkenau, German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940–1945)
| designation1_date = 1979 <small>(3rd [[World Heritage Committee|session]])</small>
| designation1_type = Cultural
| designation1_criteria = vi
| designation1_number = [http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/31 31]
| designation1_free1name = Region
| designation1_free1value = [[List of World Heritage Sites in Europe|Europe and North America]]
}}
}}
'''ਆਉਸ਼ਵਿਤਸ ਨਾਜੀ ਕੰਸਨਟਰੇਸ਼ਨ ਕੈਂਪ''' Auschwitz concentration camp (German: Konzentrationslager Auschwitz [kʰɔnʦɛntʁaˈʦi̯oːnsˌlaːɡɐ ˈʔaʊ̯ʃvɪt͡s] ( listen))1940 ਤੋਂ 45 ਦੇ ਵਿੱਚ ਪੋਲੇਂਡ ਵਿੱਚ ਸਥਿਤ ਆਉਸ਼ਵਿਤਸ ਬਿਰਕੇਨਾਉ ਯਾਤਨਾ ਸ਼ਿਵਿਰ ਵਿੱਚ 11ਲੱਖ ਲੋਕਾਂ ਦੀ ਜਾਨ ਲੈ ਲਈ ਗਈ ਸੀ , <ref>http://www.dw.de/%E0%A4%A8%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%9C%E0%A5%80-%E0%A4%AF%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%A4%E0%A4%A8%E0%A4%BE-%E0%A4%B6%E0%A4%BF%E0%A4%B5%E0%A4%BF%E0%A4%B0-%E0%A4%95%E0%A5%8B-%E0%A4%86%E0%A4%9C%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%A6-%E0%A4%95%E0%A4%B0%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%A8%E0%A5%87-%E0%A4%95%E0%A5%87-70-%E0%A4%B8%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%B2/a-18216681</ref> ਜਿਨ੍ਹਾਂ ਵਿਚ ਜਿਆਦਾਤਰ ਯਹੂਦੀ ਸਨ। 27 ਜਨਵਰੀ, 1945 ਨੂੰ ਸੋਵੀਅਤ ਰੂਸ ਦੀਆਂ ਫੋਜਾਂ ਨੇ ਲੋਕਾਂ ਨੂੰ ਆਜ਼ਾਦ ਕਰਵਾਇਆ। ਜਰਮਨੀ ਵਿੱਚ 1996 ਤੋਂ 27 ਜਨਵਰੀ ਨੂੰ ਆਉਸ਼ਵਿਤਸ ਸਮਾਰਕ ਦਿਨ ਦੇ ਰੂਪ ਵਿੱਚ ਮਨਾਏ ਜਾਣ ਦੀ ਸ਼ੁਰੁਆਤ ਹੋਈ।
 
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