"ਆਉਸ਼ਵਿਤਸ ਤਸੀਹਾ ਕੈਂਪ" ਦੇ ਰੀਵਿਜ਼ਨਾਂ ਵਿਚ ਫ਼ਰਕ

ਕੋਈ ਸੋਧ ਸਾਰ ਨਹੀਂ
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{{Hatnote|"Auschwitz", "Auschwitz-Birkenau" and "Birkenau" redirect here. For the town, see [[Oświęcim]]. Or see [[Auschwitz (disambiguation)]] or [[Birkenau (disambiguation)]]}}
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{{Use mdy dates|date=August 2013}}
{{Infobox concentration camp
| name = Auschwitz
| image = Birkenau gate.JPG
| image size =
| type = German Nazi [[Concentration camp|concentration]] and [[extermination camp]] (1940–1945)
| caption = The main entrance to Auschwitz-Birkenau [[extermination camp]]
| alt =
| location map = Poland
| map alt =
| map caption = Location of Auschwitz in contemporary Poland
| latd = 50| latm = 02| lats = 09| latNS = N
| longd= 19| longm= 10| longs= 42| longEW= E
| coordinates type = region:PL-MA_type:landmark
| coordinates display = inline,title
| other names = Birkenau
| known for =
| location = [[Oświęcim|Auschwitz]], [[Nazi Germany]]
| built by =
| operated by = the Nazi ''[[Schutzstaffel]]'' (SS), the [[Soviet Union|Soviet]] [[NKVD]] (after World War II)
| commandant = {{plainlist |
* [[Rudolf Höss|Rudolf Höß]] (4 May 1940 – Nov. 1943; 8 May 1944 – Jan. 1945)
* [[Arthur Liebehenschel]] (Dec. 1943 – 8 May 1944)
}}
| original use = Army barracks
| construction =
| in operation = May 1940 – January 1945
| gas chambers =
| prisoner type= mainly Jews, Poles, [[Romani people|Romani]], Soviet soldiers
| inmates =
| killed = 1.1 million (estimated)
| liberated by = Soviet Union, January 27, 1945
| notable inmates = [[Anne Frank]], [[Otto Frank]], [[Viktor Frankl]], [[Maximilian Kolbe]], [[Primo Levi]], [[Witold Pilecki]], [[Edith Stein]], [[Simone Veil]], [[Rudolf Vrba]], [[Elie Wiesel]]
| notable books= ''[[If This Is a Man]]'', ''[[Night (book)|Night]]'', ''[[Man's Search for Meaning]]''
| website = [http://www.auschwitz.org/ Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum]
| box width =
| color =
| embedded =
{{designation list | embed=yes
| designation1 = WHS
| designation1_offname = Auschwitz Birkenau, German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940–1945)
| designation1_date = 1979 <small>(3rd [[World Heritage Committee|session]])</small>
| designation1_type = Cultural
| designation1_criteria = vi
| designation1_number = [http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/31 31]
| designation1_free1name = Region
| designation1_free1value = [[List of World Heritage Sites in Europe|Europe and North America]]
}}
}}
[[File:Birkenau25August1944.jpg|thumb|American surveillance photo of Birkenau (1944). South is at the top in this photo.]]
[[File:Bundesarchiv Bild 183-R69919, KZ Auschwitz, Brillen.jpg||thumb|Eyeglasses of victims]]
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