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The template {{Abbr}} is used to write an abbreviation with its meaning. It is a wrapper for the HTML element <abbr>...</abbr>, the element used by most web browsers to create a tooltip indicating the meaning of an abbreviation or acronym.

Please note: Do not use {{abbr}} or <abbr> to mark up material other than abbreviations or acronyms. Using it to generate tooltips elsewhere is a misuse of the underlying HTML and causes accessibility problems. See the code of Template:Glossary link internal for an example of how to implement similar functionality without abusing markup.


The template {{abbr}} takes two unnamed parameters, in order:

  1. abbreviation, the abbreviation; shows as text.
  2. meaning, the meaning; shows as the tooltip.

A third unnamed parameter accepts the following values:

  1. IPA or i: Applies {{IPA}} to fix the International Phonetic Alphabet rendering on Windows XP.

Named parameters:

Adds a CSS class.
Adds a HTML id; this must be unique on the entire page.
Adds a style attribute.


Markup Renders as
{{abbr|MSLP|Mean Sea Level Pressure}}


When hovering over the text "MSLP", something like ਫਰਮਾ:Titlehint will appear as a tooltip in most browsers. Popular screen readers, used by visually impaired readers, give the meaning in a different way.

Markup Renders as
{{abbr|UK|United Kingdom|class=country-name|id=foobar}}


Accessibility concernsਸੋਧੋ

This template is intended for use with abbreviations; it is not intended to be a tool for generating tooltips. The Web Content Accessibility Guidelines contain guidelines for using the <abbr> element generated by this template; see section H28: Providing definitions for abbreviations by using the abbr and acronym elements.


The following template names will redirect to {{abbr}}:

Template dataਸੋਧੋ

This is the TemplateData documentation for this template used by VisualEditor and other tools.

TemplateData for Abbr

This template defines an abbreviation or acronym, by creating a tooltip that is displayed on mouse-over.

ਫਰਮੇ ਦੇ ਮਾਪਦੰਡ


Shows as text


Shows as a tooltip


Applies {{IPA}} to fix strings in the International Phonetic Alphabet rendered in Internet Explorer on Windows XP


Adds a HTML class


Adds a HTML id


See alsoਸੋਧੋ

  • {{abbrlink}}, a variant of this template that includes wikilinking.
  • {{H:title}}, used for generating tooltips in general.
  • {{R-phrase}}, which generates the abbreviation (the code number) for a R-phrase (a "risk phrase", e.g. "Explosive when dry"). The R-phrase itself and a link to List of R-phrases are included in a tooltip.
  • {{clarify}}, which produces the inline superscript:  ਫਰਮਾ:Fake clarify.
  • {{finedetail}}, which allows a main fact to be presented in an article while hiding finer detail which, although factually accurate and may be of interest to specific readers, might detract from the general readability of the article by cluttering the article if always presented, and allows referencing.