The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Standard Tibetan pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

IPA Tibetan English approximation
[[ਫਰਮਾ:IPAsym|b]] bog [p] on a low tone
[[ਫਰਮਾ:IPAsym|c]] ཀྱ church
[[ਫਰਮਾ:IPAsym|cʰ]] ཁྱ གྱ church
[[ਫਰਮਾ:IPAsym|ɕ]] ཞ ཤ sheep
[[ਫਰਮਾ:IPAsym|d]] dog ([t] on a low tone)
[[ਫਰਮਾ:IPAsym|dz]] adz ([ts] on a low tone)
[[ਫਰਮਾ:IPAsym|dʑ]] jeep ([tɕ] on a low tone)
[[ਫਰਮਾ:IPAsym|ɡ]] gone ([k] on a low tone)
[[ਫਰਮਾ:IPAsym|h]] head
[[ਫਰਮਾ:IPAsym|j]] yes
[[ਫਰਮਾ:IPAsym|ɟ]] གྱ judge, (UK) dew ([c] on a low tone)
[[ਫਰਮਾ:IPAsym|k]] scat
[[ਫਰਮਾ:IPAsym|kʰ]] ཁ ག cat
[[ਫਰਮਾ:IPAsym|l]] leap
[[ਫਰਮਾ:IPAsym|l̥]] ལྷ (voiceless l, like hl)
[[ਫਰਮਾ:IPAsym|m]] moon
[[ਫਰਮਾ:IPAsym|n]] noon
[[ਫਰਮਾ:IPAsym|ɲ]] canyon
[[ਫਰਮਾ:IPAsym|ŋ]] song
[[ਫਰਮਾ:IPAsym|p]] spin
[[ਫਰਮਾ:IPAsym|pʰ]] ཕ བ pin
[[ਫਰਮਾ:IPAsym|ɹ]] the r in drink
[[ਫਰਮਾ:IPAsym|s]] ཟ ས song
[[ਫਰਮਾ:IPAsym|ʂ]] ཧྲ like first part of shrew [ʂɹu]
[[ਫਰਮਾ:IPAsym|t]] stop
[[ਫਰਮਾ:IPAsym|tʰ]] ཐ ད top
[[ਫਰਮਾ:IPAsym|ʈ]] ~ ʈʂ ཀྲ stream
[[ਫਰਮਾ:IPAsym|ʈʰ]] ~ [[ਫਰਮਾ:IPAsym|ʈʂʰ]] ཁྲ གྲ trunk
[[ਫਰਮਾ:IPAsym|tɕ]] beach
[[ਫਰਮਾ:IPAsym|tɕʰ]] ཆ ཇ cheer
[[ਫਰਮਾ:IPAsym|ts]] cats
[[ਫਰਮਾ:IPAsym|tsʰ]] ཚ ཛ tsunami
[[ਫਰਮਾ:IPAsym|w]] water
[[ਫਰਮਾ:IPAsym|z]] zoo ([s] on a low tone)
[[ਫਰਮਾ:IPAsym|ʑ]] genre ([ɕ] on a low tone)
[[ਫਰਮਾ:IPAsym|ʔ]] oh-oh!
[[ਫਰਮਾ:IPAsym|ʕ]] like ɦ but more pharyngeal
IPA Tibetan English approximation
[[ਫਰਮਾ:IPAsym|a]] between fat and father
[[ਫਰਮਾ:IPAsym|e]] Spanish e (in Sp. open syllables)
[[ਫਰਮਾ:IPAsym|ɛ]] bed
[[ਫਰਮਾ:IPAsym|i]] see
[[ਫਰਮਾ:IPAsym|ɪ]] sit but more centralised
[[ਫਰਮਾ:IPAsym|o]] Spanish o (in Sp. open syllables)
[[ਫਰਮਾ:IPAsym|ø]] French eu, German ö
[[ਫਰਮਾ:IPAsym|ɔ]] dawn (mid-west US accent)
[[ਫਰਮਾ:IPAsym|u]] moon
[[ਫਰਮਾ:IPAsym|ʊ]] good but more centralised
[[ਫਰਮਾ:IPAsym|ʌ]] cup, RP
[[ਫਰਮਾ:IPAsym|y]] French u, German ü
[[ਫਰਮਾ:IPAsym|̃]] nasal vowel
IPA Description
high level: si˥
high falling: si˥˧
low rising: si˩˧
low level: si˩

ਫਰਮਾ:IPA keys horizontal