"ਸੋਵੀਅਤ ਯੂਨੀਅਨ" ਦੇ ਰੀਵਿਜ਼ਨਾਂ ਵਿਚ ਫ਼ਰਕ

ਕੋਈ ਸੋਧ ਸਾਰ ਨਹੀਂ
ਛੋ (clean up using AWB)
{{Infobox former country
[[ਤਸਵੀਰ:Flag of the Soviet Union.svg|thumb|right|200px|ਸੋਵਿਅਤ ਸੰਘ ਦਾ ਝੰਡਾ]]
|native_name=Союз Советских Социалистических Республик {{br}} ''Soyuz Sovetskikh Sotsialisticheskikh Respublik''
[[ਤਸਵੀਰ:Coat of arms of the Soviet Union.svg|thumb|right|200px|ਸੋਵਿਅਤ ਸੰਘ ਦਾ ਨਿਸ਼ਾਨ]]
|conventional_long_name=Union of Soviet Socialist Republics {{br}} <small>[[Official names of the Soviet Union|Other names]]</small>
[[ਤਸਵੀਰ:Soviet empire 1960.png|thumb|right|ਸੋਵਿਅਤ ਸੰਘ]]
|common_name= ਸੋਵੀਅਤ ਯੂਨੀਅਨ (USSR)
|continent= ਯੂਰੇਸ਼ੀਆ
|era=[[Interwar period]] / [[World&nbsp;War&nbsp;II]] / [[Cold War]]
|government_type=[[Federal system|Federal]] [[Marxism-Leninism|Marxist-Leninist]] state<ref name="ml1">Historical Dictionary of Socialism. James C. Docherty, Peter Lamb. Page 85. "The Soviet Union was a one-party Marxist-Leninist state.".</ref><ref name="ml2">[http://csis.org/files/media/csis/pubs/ruseur_wp_010.pdf Ideology, Interests, and Identity]. Stephen H. Hanson. Page 14. "the USSR was officially a Marxist-Leninist state"</ref><ref name="ml3">[http://digitalcommons.lmu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1078&context=ilr The Fine Line between the Enforcement of Human Rights Agreements and the Violation of National Sovereignity: The Case of Soviet Dissidents]. Jennifer Noe Pahre. Page 336. "[...]the Soviet Union, as a Marxist-Leninist state[...]". Page 348. "The Soviet Union is a Marxist-Leninist state."</ref><ref name="ml4">[http://www.epa.hu/00000/00010/00020/pdf/HSR_1989_1-2_023-046.pdf Leninist National Policy: Solution to the "National Question"?]. Walker Connor. Page 31. "[...]four Marxist-Leninist states (the Soviet Union, China, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia)[...]"</ref>
|year_start = 1922
|year_end = 1991<ref>[[:s:ru:Декларация Совета Республик ВС СССР от 26 December 1991 № 142-Н|Declaration № 142-Н]] of the [[Soviet of Nationalities|Soviet of the Republics of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union]], formally establishing the dissolution of the Soviet Union as a state and subject of international law. {{ru icon}}</ref>
|date_start = 30 December
|event_start = [[Treaty on the Creation of the USSR|Treaty of Creation]]
|date_end = 26 December
|event_end = [[Dissolution of the Soviet Union|Union dissolved]]
|image_flag = Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
|flag = Flag of the Soviet Union
|image_coat = Coat of arms of the Soviet Union.svg
|symbol = State Emblem of the Soviet Union
|symbol_type = State Emblem
|image_map = Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (orthographic projection).svg
|image_map_size = 220px
|image_map_caption = The Soviet Union after [[World War II]]
|capital = Moscow
|latd=55|latm=45|latNS=N|longd=37|longm=37|longEW=E
|largest_city =Moscow
|national_motto = Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь!<br />([[Romanization of Russian|Translit.]]: ''Proletarii vsekh stran, soyedinyaytes'!'')<br />English: [[Workers of the world, unite!]]<br>(literally: Proletarians of all countries, unite!)
|national_anthem = "[[The Internationale#Russian lyrics|The Internationale]]"<br />(1922–1944) <center>[[File:Internationale-ru.ogg]]</center><br />"[[National Anthem of the Soviet Union|State Anthem of the USSR]]"<br />(1944–1991) <center>[[File:Soviet Anthem Instrumental 1955.ogg]]</center>
|common_languages = Russian, [[Languages of the Soviet Union|many others]]
|demonym = [[Soviet people|Soviet]]
|religion = None ([[state atheism]])<ref>{{cite web|url=http://articles.baltimoresun.com/1990-10-02/news/1990275061_1_supreme-soviet-religious-classes-atheism |title=73 Years of State Atheism in the Soviet Union, ended amid collapse in 1990 |publisher=Articles.baltimoresun.com |date=2 October 1990 |accessdate=13 October 2013}}</ref> <small>([[Soviet Union#Religion|see text]])</small>
|currency = [[Soviet ruble]] (руб) (SUR)
|currency_code = SUR
<!-- If there are more than 4 leaders, only give first and last&nbsp;— the infobox is not intended to list everything. -->
|leader1 = [[Joseph Stalin]] <small>(first)</small>
|leader2 = [[Vladimir Ivashko]] <small>(last)</small>
|year_leader1 = 1922-1952
|year_leader2 = 1990-1991
|title_leader = [[General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union|General Secretary]]
|
|representative1 = [[ਮਿਖਾਇਲ ਕਾਲੀਨਿਨ]] <small>(first)</small>
|representative2 = [[ਮਿਖਾਇਲ ਗੋਰਬਾਚੇਵ]] <small>(last)</small>
|year_representative1 = 1922–1938
|year_representative2 = 1988–1991
|title_representative = [[List of heads of state of the Soviet Union|Head of State]]
|
|deputy1 = [[ਵਲਾਦੀਮੀਰ ਲੈਨਿਨ]] <small>(first)</small>
|deputy2 = [[ਇਵਾਨ ਸਿਲਾਯੇਵ]] <small>(last)</small>
|year_deputy1 = 1922–1924
|year_deputy2 = 1991
|title_deputy = [[Premier of the Soviet Union|Head of Government]]
|
|legislature = [[Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union|Supreme Soviet]]
|house1 = [[Soviet of the Union]]
|house2 = [[Soviet of Nationalities]]
|stat_year1 = 1991
|stat_area1 = 22402200
|stat_pop1 = 293047571
|p1 = Russian SFSR
|flag_p1 = Flag RSFSR 1918.svg
|p2 = Transcaucasian SFSR
|flag_p2 = Flag of Transcaucasian SFSR.svg
|p3 = Ukrainian SSR
|flag_p3 = Flag of the Ukrainian SSR (1927-1937).svg
|p4 = Byelorussian SSR
|flag_p4 = Flag of the Byelorussian SSR (1919).svg
|s1 = Armenia
|flag_s1 = Flag of Armenia.svg
|s2 = Azerbaijan
|flag_s2 = Flag of Azerbaijan.svg
|s3 = Belarus
|flag_s3 = Flag of Belarus (1991-1995).svg
|s4 = Estonia
|flag_s4 = Flag of Estonia.svg
|s5 = Georgia (country){{!}}Georgia
|flag_s5=Flag of Georgia (1990-2004).svg
|s6 = Kazakhstan
|flag_s6 = Flag of Kazakh SSR.svg
|s7 = Kyrgyzstan
|flag_s7 = Kyrgyzstan Flag 1991.svg
|s8 = Latvia
|flag_s8 = Flag of Latvia.svg
|s9 = Lithuania
|flag_s9 = Flag of Lithuania 1989-2004.svg
|s10 = Moldova
|flag_s10 = Flag of Moldova.svg
|s11 = Russia
|flag_s11 = Flag of Russia 1991-1993.svg
|s12 = Tajikistan
|flag_s12 = Flag of Tajikistan 1991-1992.svg
|s13 = Turkmenistan
|flag_s13 = Flag of Turkmen SSR.svg
|s14 = Ukraine
|flag_s14 = Flag of Ukraine.svg
|s15 = Uzbekistan
|flag_s15 = Flag of Uzbekistan.svg
|footnotes =Notes
#{{note|1}}Assigned on 19 September 1990, existing onwards.
For details on the [[succession of states]] see [[#Post-Soviet states|below]].
|utc_offset = +2 to +13
|cctld = [[.su]]{{ref|1|1}}
|calling_code = 7
}}
'''ਸੋਵੀਅਤ ਸੰਘ''' (Сою́з Сове́тских Социалисти́ческих Респу́блик, ਸਯੂਜ਼ ਸਵਯੇਤਸਕੀਖ਼ ਸਸਤੀਆਲੀਸਤੀਚਯੇਸਕੀਖ਼ ਰਿਸਪੂਬਲਿਕ), ਜਿਸ ਨੂੰ '''USSR''' ਜਾਂ '''ਸੋਵੀਅਤ ਯੂਨੀਅਨ''' ਵੀ ਕਿਹਾ ਜਾਂਦਾ ਸੀ, ਇੱਕ ਸੋਸ਼ਲਿਸਟ ਦੇਸ਼ ਸੀ ਜੋ ਕਿ 1922 ਤੋਂ 1991 ਤੱਕ ਕਾਇਮ ਰਿਹਾ। ਉਸ ਨੂੰ ਆਮ ਬੋਲੀ ਵਿਚ ਰੂਸ ਯਾਨੀ '''ਰਸ਼ੀਆ''' ਵੀ ਆਖਿਆ ਜਾਂਦਾ ਸੀ, ਜਿਹੜਾ ਕਿ ਗਲਤ ਸੀ ਕਿਉਂਕਿ ਰੂਸ ਇਸ ਸੰਘ ਦਾ ਸਭ ਤੋਂ ਵੱਡਾ ਅਤੇ ਸਭ ਤੋਂ ਤਾਕਤਵਰ ਰਿਪਬਲਿਕ ਸੀ। ਇਹ ਇਨ੍ਹਾਂ ਵੱਡਾ ਸੀ ਕਿ ਸੋਵੀਅਤ ਸੰਘ ਵਿਚ ਮੌਜੂਦ ਰੂਸ ਤੋਂ ਇਲਾਵਾ 14 ਰਿਆਸਤਾਂ ਦਾ ਕੁੱਲ ਰਕਬਾ ਰੂਸ ਦੇ ਰਕਬੇ ਦੇ ਘੱਟ ਸੀ। 1945 ਤੋਂ ਉਸਦੀ 1991 ਦੀ ਤਹਲੀਲ ਤੱਕ ਸੋਵੀਅਤ ਯੂਨੀਅਨ ਅਮਰੀਕਾ ਦੇ ਨਾਲ-ਨਾਲ ਦੁਨੀਆਂ ਦਾ ਸਭ ਤੋਂ ਤਾਕਤਵਰ ਦੇਸ਼ ਸੀ। ਇਸਦੀ ਰਾਜਧਾਨੀ [[ਮਾਸਕੋ]] ਸੀ।