Purge is a function in which it is sometimes necessary to update a wiki page, whenever templates or subpages transclusion are involved. Purge clears the page's server cache, and the page is rebuilt. Before purging, you may want to try first to refresh the page using your web browser.

For updating a page display, any purge methods do the job, but for categories and backlinks a null edit explained below is required, and other methods don't work. Update of images is explained in a section below.

The page to purge is the one that transcludes, not the page that gets transcluded. Purge consumes a small amount of additional processing power to rebuild the page.

How to purge ਸੋਧੋ

Just by clicking a link ਸੋਧੋ

Sometimes already provided
Some pages already provide a purge link (a link that purges the page), such as the Wikipedia:Templates for discussion page (WP:TFD). Simply follow (click on) the link to purge the page.
(WP:TFD transcludes subpages like Wikipedia:Templates for discussion/Log/2012 December 17, and updates of these subpages are not always reflected in WP:TFD. By purging, you will see the latest.)
The {{purge}} template may be used to place a purge link on a page.
There are also two gadgets that can add a purge tab or link to every page. These may be found in the Gadgets section of your Wikipedia Preferences, under "Appearance": (1) "Add a "Purge" option to the top of the page, which purges the page's cache" and (2) "⧼Gadget-UTCLiveClock⧽". The "purge" option of (1) is one of the options in the drop-down menu to the left of the Search box in Vector skin, but a tab in MonoBook skin.
To customise the text shown on the tab added by "Add a "Purge" option to the top of the page, which purges the page's cache"

To change the text shown on the purge tab added by the preference "Add a "Purge" option to the top of the page, which purges the page's cache", add the following to your common.js file (or create the file using it):

/* Customise purge tab's text */
$( document ).ready( function() {
	$( 'a', '#ca-purge' ).text( 'p' );

The 'p' in the third line sets the text shown on the tab to the lowercase letter p. Change this to whatever you prefer ('purge', 'purge page', etc).

Purge request to server ਸੋਧੋ

Purge cache by adding ?action=purge to the URL
Anonymous users will have to confirm purging. This is normal, just click "Yes". You can't break anything by doing it.

You can also request the MediaWiki server to purge using a special URL. The URL should be in the format //en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=page_title&action=purge (it can be prefixed with http:, https:, or with nothing).

Note that this will not work with URLs of the form //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/page_title, for which a slightly different form is required: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/page_title?action=purge.

It may be easiest to make the URL by clicking "edit" or "view source" tab of the page, and changing the last portion of the URL's query string from action=edit to action=purge (anything in the URL that appears after action=edit can be deleted).

This kind of URL is used to make the links and templates outlined in the Just by clicking a link section above.

Null edit ਸੋਧੋ

A null edit purges the page if the target page can be edited:

  1. Click the "Edit" tab at the top of the page.
  2. Click "Save" at the bottom of the edit box without making any changes.

With a null edit, nothing is usually saved, and no edit is typically recorded. If you leave text in the edit summary, it will probably be discarded and result in a null edit. Adding new blank lines only to the end of the page is also usually a null edit. Trailing blank lines are largely ignored. Section edits, however, sometimes result in changes, and get saved.

Page moves and protection counts as a null edit as well, although an edit is recorded in the page history.

All other purge methods do not apply to categorisation and "what links here" changes from template edits, but a null edit does.
If you can't edit the page, you can't do a null edit, obviously. If what you want is category or backlink updates but you can't null-edit, just wait. It depends on how busy the server is until the page is updated, sometimes days. Changes in category links are put into the job queue, and re-cached when the server load is low.

Do not confuse null edit with dummy edit. A dummy edit does modify the source, even though slightly.

forcerecursivelinkupdate ਸੋਧੋ

The behaviour of null edits changed around July 2013. Null edits previously added all pages which transcluded the page to the job queue to be reparsed. Now a null edit will reparse the page edited just as it always has (and therefore fix category membership and such), but it will no longer queue every transcluding page for reparse too.

A new "forcerecursivelinkupdate" parameter was added to the API's action=purge to get the old behavior if necessary. So action=purge&forcerecursivelinkupdate=1 in the URL (see below) will get the old behaviour. Only use this responsibly.

These changes do not affect normal edits that change the content of a page.

User preference ਸੋਧੋ

Logged-in users have some options in their Special:Preferences to help purging and bypassing browser caches. See also Special:Gadgets. For purge gadgets in Commons, see commons:Help:purge.

When a change is made to a page, the MediaWiki software saves the change to the main database. Thereafter a copy of that page is made to a "server cache" on secondary servers, and until the page is changed again, that cached page will be shown. A change in a subpage or template does not necessarily generate a new cache of the transcluder page for efficiency. A purge throws away the cache, and rebuilds the page again. A purge can also have other effects than those based on transclusion, for example changing between red and blue links if a linked page has been deleted or created, and updating parts using time-dependent magic words and parser functions.

For images ਸੋਧੋ

To refresh thumbnails, you may have to purge either or both of the image page and/or the page that loads the image.

First go to the image description page by clicking the image. You should go further to Commons if the image is from Commons. Then purge. (Purge gadgets seem to work consistently. See commons:Help:Purge for Commons gadgets.) It may take a while for MediaWiki to complete rescaling, especially for an animated GIF. It depends on how busy the MediaWiki software is.

After a while, go back to the page with thumbnails and reload, bypassing your browser cache (Ctrl-F5 on Firefox). If the page still shows the old thumbnails, then purge this page.

If an image thumbnail will not yet regenerate successfully, it is probably because the server has cached an error page with the URL of a thumbnail, but the page is not purged because the actual thumbnail does not exist. The solution is to request the thumbnail with an unusual URL, say by appending "?1" to the end, then do a usual purge. If there is still a problem, ask for help at Wikipedia:Village pump (technical).

Technical background ਸੋਧੋ